Friday, May 2, 2014


Klecksography From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 

A klecksograph by Justinus Kerner, published 1879 Klecksography is the art of making images from inkblots.[1] The work was pioneered by Justinus Kerner, who included klecksographs in his books of poetry.[2] Since the 1890s, psychologists have used it as a tool for studying the subconscious, most famously Hermann Rorschach in his Rorschach inkblot test. Contents 1 Method 2 History 3 Use in psychology 3.1 Binet and Henri 3.2 Rorschach 4 See also 5 References Method Spots of ink are dropped onto a piece of paper and the paper is folded in half, so that the ink will smudge and form a mirror reflection in the two halves. The piece of paper is then unfolded so that the ink can dry, after which someone can guess the resemblance of the print to other objects. The inkblots tend to resemble images because of apophenia, the human tendency to see patterns in nature.[3] History A page of poetry and art from Justinus Kerner's Klecksographien (1890) Justinus Kerner invented this technique when he started accidentally dropping blots of ink onto paper due to failing eyesight. Instead of throwing them away, he found that intriguing shapes appeared if he unfolded the papers. He elaborated these shapes into intricate cartoons and used them to illustrate his poems. Kerner began a collection of klecksographs and poetry in 1857 titled Klesksographien. His collection was not published until 1890 because of his death in 1862. In 1896, a similar game was described in the United States by Ruth McEnery Stuart and Albert Bigelow Paine in a book titled Gobolinks, or Shadow-Pictures for Young and Old. The book explained how to make inkblot monsters ("gobolinks") and use them as prompts for writing imaginative verse.[4]

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